What was the role of the SS and Gestapo?
Using the interactive diagram to develop a mindmap that helps you answer the key question. You might use the following headings:
Once you have constructed your diagram add notes that explain the role of each.
Finally, add explanations how each level would affect the situation with Germany.
In order to control Germany, Hitler needed the support of a well-organised Nazi party machine. The SS and the Gestapo were the instruments that Hitler usedFrom its establishment in 1925, by 1933 the SS had become a ruthless state with a state, whose members were fanatically loyal to Adolf Hitler. The SS was the ideological organisation responsible for all matters of security and racial policy within Germany.
In addition to controlling the police, the SS developed, administered and controlled the Nazi concentration camp system. From 1939, the SS assumed control of Nazi racial policy across occupied Europe.
After the murder of Ernst Rohm and the SA leadership, Hitler announced that the SS would be an independent organisation led by Heinrich Himmler and answerable only to the Fuhrer.
The Gestapo, or secret state police played a key role in the terror and control of German citizens. With the ability to rely on a network of informers and enjoying the power to arrest and imprison without trial, the Gestapo had a significant influence on the Nazi state.