The Nazis consolidate power


The Nazis quickly began to deal with all forms of opposition. On 1 April 1933 a concentration camp was established in the town of Dachau, 12 kilometres from Munich. In the beginning it was reserved for political prisoners, opponents of the Nazi regime.

Two months after the election, on 2 May 1933, the SA and SS raided offices of German trade unions whose leaders were arrested and imprisoned in Dachau. Their funds were confiscated and the organisations closed down. 

In their place the German Labour Front (DAF) became the largest organisation in Nazi Germany. Rather than representing the workers, the DAF was an organisation through which the Nazis controlled the workers of Germany. 

Between March and July 1933, the SA and SS raided offices of opposition political parties, destroyed equipment, confiscated funds and arrested their leaders. The Communists had been banned since the Reichstag fire. On 22 June the assets of the Social Democrats (SPD) were seized and the party banned. During the final days of June 1933, most of the remaining political parties agreed to disband.

  • By the time the Nazis enacted the law to ban the forming of new political parties; Germany had already been a one party state for some days. From 14 July 1933 the Nazi Party was the only legal party in Germany.