Impact on non-Jewish minorities

5.4e USHMM 86204 Marzhan 1st internment camp for Roma(Gypsies) germany.jpg
From 1935 the Nazis began rounding up Roma and holding them in camps.
© 2012 United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

Nazi race theory saw many groups as ’undesirables’. These included: Jews, Roma, black Germans, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses and the mentally and physically disabled. These people could not be part of the new ‘racially pure’ Germany.

During the early 1920s some of the French troops occupying the Rhineland had been of North African descent. Some of these men had developed relationships with German women, resulting in children being born. Children were also born to people from Germany’s African colonies who had settled in Germany. The Nazis saw these mixed race children as ’inferior’ to the Aryans. After 1933 almost 400 black Germans were part of a compulsory sterilisation programme. Between 1939 and 1945, under the shadow of war, many of them disappeared without trace. 

This section of The Holocaust Explained will outline how Nazi race theory affected non-Jewish minorities within the German sphere of influence.