The Weimar constitution
The constitution of the Weimar Republic was very different from that the old system (see diagram); there would be no monarch. Instead there would be a president, elected every seven years and whose power would be limited by the Reichstag.
A chancellor, appointed by the President, led the government of ministers from within the Reichstag.
All adults over the age of 20 could now vote.
The new constitution was one of the most democratic in the world. However, it was set up during a period of great unrest and was subject to compromise.
Some people who had been powerful under the Kaiser still held positions of power in the new system. Consequently, many of the old landowners, civil servants and military leaders still had enormous influence.