- What was the Holocaust?
- What Is genocide?
- Memories of pre-war life
- The Nazi rise to power
- The Nazification of Germany
- The Nazi impact on Europe
- The Nazi camp system
- The Final Solution
- How did the world respond?
- Survival and legacy
On 8 January 1918 the President of the United States, Woodrow Wilson, gave a speech to the US Congress. Intended as a speech to boost the moral of the nation and pointing the way to post-war peace, Wilson’s speech contained '14 Points for peace'.
Despite the speech being made without consultation with America’s allies, many people across the world welcomed the main points of Wilson’s speech. However, Wilson’s Allies (Georges Clemenceau, David Lloyd George and Vittorrio Emanuele Orlando) were initially concerned about the practicalities of implementing the 14 points.
Wilson’s speech was used as a propaganda tool intended to support the Allies' fight for victory. Many copies were dropped behind enemy lines in order to encourage German troops to surrender.
In October 1918 Prince Maxmillian of Baden, the German Chancellor, sent a note to Woodrow Wilson, requesting an immediate armistice and peace negotiations on the basis of the 14 points.
After negotiations the Allied leaders announced, on 1 November 1918, that they agreed in principal to the 14 points. Great Britain requested that an additional clause should be added to ensure that Germany make reparations.
On 11 November 1918 the fighting stopped. The Germans assumed that the 14 points would form the basis of the peace treaty.