- What was the Holocaust?
- Memories of pre-war life
- The Nazi rise to power
- The Nazification of Germany
- The Nazi impact on Europe
- The Nazi camp system
- The Final Solution
- How did the world respond?
- Survival and legacy
The victorious Allies meet
The negotiations between the Big Three were far from straightforward – each leader had his own views.
Compare the ideas of the Big Three with the terms of the treaty.
After the fighting stopped, there was a peace conference in Paris to rebuild Europe. It began in January 1919. Britain, France and the USA dominated the conference.
The Germans assumed that the 14 point plan by President Woodrow Wilson of the USA would form the basis of the peace treaty. This plan seemed fair to people across Europe.
However, a number of issues affected the outcome of the Paris peace conference:
Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles dictated by the Allies, Germany had to accept responsibility for the war. This gave the Allies the right to confiscate German land and to make huge cuts in the German army, navy and air force. The Allies also demanded large amounts of money as compensation; this was called ‘Reparations’.
Within Germany the harsh terms of the treaty caused huge unrest. The politicians who signed it were later called the ‘November criminals’. Unfortunately there was no alternative to signing the treaty. Germany had to accept the terms dictated by the victorious Allies.