The Treaty of Versailles

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By the autumn of 1918 the Germans were losing the war and the senior generals could see that defeat was inevitable. Peace negotiations began and an armistice was signed on 11 November 1918.  

After four years and countless lives lost, the guns fell silent. The Germans assumed that a plan by promoted by President Woodrow Wilson of the USA would form the basis of the peace treaty.

Beginning in January 1919, a peace conference was held in Paris. However, the conference was dominated by Britain, France and the USA. The Germans were not invited to contribute to the negotiations.