- What was the Holocaust?
- Memories of pre-war life
- The Nazi rise to power
- The Nazification of Germany
- The Nazi impact on Europe
- The Nazi camp system
- The Final Solution
- How did the world respond?
- Survival and legacy
President Paul von Hindenburg with Chancellor Adolf Hitler
President Hindenburg was persuaded that Hitler with his popular appeal could be kept under control.
Von Papen boasted that: “in two months, we will have pushed Hitler into a corner so that he squeaks”.
As various democratic governments failed to deal with Germany’s problems, the Nazis looked to many to be the strongest option.
In the election of July 1932 the Nazis won 37 per cent of the vote. This made them the largest single party in the Reichstag. Hitler, as their leader, demanded to be made Chancellor. However, President Hindenburg mistrusted Hitler’s motives.
Franz von Papen and a group of right wing nationalists, proposed making Hitler Chancellor, with himself as Vice-Chancellor. Only two other Nazis would be allowed government posts, with the remaining jobs going to the moderate parties. Fear of communism helped this plan.
President Hindenburg was persuaded that Hitler with his popular appeal could be kept under control. Ironically the Nazis lost votes in the November 1932 elections (see graph above). However, on the 30 January 1933, Hitler became Chancellor of Germany.