How did the Nazis treat Jews in occupied countries?

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Order No.1 gave regulations for Jews living within the General Government area of Poland;

  • What could Jews not do under this order?
  • What did Jews have to do under this order?

From 23 November 1939, Jews over the age of 10 years living within the General Government had to wear identification.

  • How were they to obtain this?
  • What was to be the punishment for not following this order?

On 15 October 1941, the Nazis decreed punishments for Jews leaving their designated home (ghetto),

  • What were these punishments?
  • How might those who helped or sheltered Jews be punished? 

After invasion, the Jews of each country were subjected to various anti-Jewish measures. (see above for examples of regulations established by the Nazis in Poland.)

Jews were dismissed from employment; especially those in positions of influence. In addition, Jewish-owned property, businesses and assets were confiscated. Jewish students were dismissed from school and universities. 

Freedom of movement was severely restricted. Jews were banned from visiting public places, subjected to nightime curfews and travel restrictions.

In many countries, especially in the east, Jews were forced to live in certain areas of towns or cities, known as ghettos.

Many Jews were arrested and used for forced labour. Many thousands of Jews were the victims of  random punishments that resulted in their deaths.

Despite the fact that they might have previously been friends or colleagues, local citizens often took part in attacks and killings against their Jewish neighbours.