The Nazi impact on Europe

USHMM 20390 national archives records admin,college Park,MD SS troops advance during invasion of Greece apr 1941.jpg
SS troops advance during the Nazi invasion of Greece, April 1941.
© 2012 United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

On 12 March 1938 the Nazis marched into Austria. On that day in Vienna 90 per-cent of the population came out to welcome them. Austria was the first of many countries across Europe that were invaded and/or controlled by Hitler’s regime.

In order to highlight the key events and experiences of those living in countries invaded and occupied by the Nazis, this section of The Holocaust Explained contains case studies of four of those countries; Poland, France, The Netherlands and Romania. 

Subsequent pages will explain how, from 1939, the development of over 1,000 ghettos were established in order to support Nazi racial policy. Two case studies concerning the Warsaw ghetto and Theresienstadt camp/ghetto will demonstrate the very different experiences of Jews within ghettos.