Types of camps

5.2b USHMM 15010 Barracks Ravensbrueck concentration camp germany.jpg
Prisoner barracks at Ravensbrueck concentration camp, Germany
© 2012 United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

On coming to power during 1933 the Nazis began to establish a network of camps. These were initially concentration camps due to the fact that they were used to concentrate enemies and certain groups of people in one place.

Local SS and police forces set up these first camps. However, very soon the Nazi leadership began to develop a centrally controlled camp system.

Between 1939 and 1945, as the Nazi regime imposed their influence over countries they occupied; they developed a range of different types of camps. These were concentration camps, transit camps, forced-labour or work camps and extermination camps.

This section of The Holocaust Explained will enable you to understand how the Nazis administered these camps and how prisoners survived within them. For more information about camps click here.