- What was the Holocaust?
- Memories of pre-war life
- The Nazi rise to power
- The Nazification of Germany
- The Nazi impact on Europe
- The Nazi camp system
- The Final Solution
- How did the world respond?
- Survival and legacy
List the reasons given for not offering practical help or a place of safety for Jewish refugees escaping Germany.
For each reason given, explain why these countries may have taken this stance.
Why might the British delegate have apologised to the Germans for interfering?
What effect might Britain's apology have had on Hitler?
How did Hitler respond to the outcome of the conference?
How would the Jews of Germany and Europe have felt at the outcome of the Evian Conference?
Where could they now go for support?
On 7 July 1938, as a result of American pressure, an international conference was held at Evian, in France. During the ten-day conference delegates discussed what could be done to help the German Jews.
Whilst each of the 32 delegates expressed their concern about the situation in Germany, the countries concerned offered very little practical help.
During the conference the British government made it very clear that it would be able to increase its quota for refugees, citing high levels of unemployment. France also said that they were “at the extreme point of saturation”.
The Australian delegate reported "as we have no real racial problem, we are not desirous of importing one." Other countries also cited the economic depression and population levels as a reason why they could not increase refugee quotas.
Only the Dominican Republic volunteered to take in up to 100,000 refugees, but then only in return for large amounts of money. In actual fact only 800 refugees entered the country and most of those moved on to the United States.
Hitler noted how ”astounding” it was that, even though these countries criticised Germany for its treatment of the Jews, they nevertheless refused to open their borders to them.
The British delegate to the conference apologised to the Germans for interfering.
The Evian conference sent Hitler the signal he needed: foreign governments would not interfere in his anti-Jewish policies.