The Wannsee Conference

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The Protocol of the Wannsee Conference outlines the discussions and outcomes of the meeting. You will see from the document above, that the Wannsee Protocol outlined the number of Jews in each country of Europe, including 330,000 in England, and also the total number in Europe (11 million).

The minutes of the Protocol stated that because of the war with the Soviet Union “Emigration has now been replaced by evacuation of Jews to the East... ...with the appropriate prior authorisation by the Fuhrer (Hitler).” It went on to say that “Europe will be combed through from East to West in the course of the practical implementation of the Final Solution.” Jews would be “utilised for work in the East”. [The] “sexes [will be] separated. Jews capable of work will be moved into these areas as they build roads, during which a large proportion will no doubt drop out through natural reduction. The remnant that eventually remains will require suitable treatment."

“The evacuated Jews will first be taken, group by group, to so-called transit ghettos, in order to be transported further east from there.”

It further explained that “Jews with severe war injuries and Jews with war decorations (Iron Cross, First Class) will be admitted to the Jewish old-age ghetto along with those who were over 65 years of age."

The Protocol highlighted the fact that in Slovakia, Croatia and Romania local governments were working with the Nazis in their anti-Jewish activities.

In Italy the Nazis planned to liaise with the Italian police.

France, the document said, would not prove difficult.

It was noted that there was much opposition to the Nazis’ anti-Jewish policies in the Nordic States, and that the ‘Final Solution’ would be postponed for a while in these countries.

Dr Josef Buhler, the official who represented the General Government, requested that the ‘Final Solution’ begins in his territory, as transport would be no problem. He also stated that the majority of Jews there were unfit for work and carried diseases.

Buhler promised that Heydrich’s work “would have the support of the authorities of the Governor General.” He had only one request: “that the Jewish question in this area be solved as quickly as possible.”