Activity: Why were there different camps?

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Learning outcomes 

By the end of this activity:

  • All students will be able to list the types of camps set up by the Nazis.

 

  • Most students should be able to explain the different types of camps.

 

  • Some students may be able to explain in detail how and why the Nazis developed different types.

 

Resources

In order to carry out this activity you will need to use the following sections of The Holocaust Explained:

What are camps?

Types of camps

How were camps run?

Nazis antisemitism 1933 - 1939 timeline

Nazis antisemitism 1939 - 1945 timeline

You may also wish to access the KS4 version of this site.

Why were there different camps?

On gaining power during 1933 the Nazis began to establish a network of camps. These were initially concentration camps.

Later, as the Nazi regime imposed their influence over countries they occupied, they developed a range of different types of camps.

This Reflective Learning Activity will help you gather information about the different types and help you understand this aspect of the Nazi system of control.

Activity

Stage 1: Set up a table to collect your evidence

On either a Word document or an A3 sheet of paper, produce a table to record your information (see the example above).

Stage 2: Research - collecting your information

As you read the suggested pages of The Holocaust Explained record any information that you think will help you understand the types of camps set up by the Nazis. In the example (above) you will see that we have started to add details. You can use these and then go on to add your own.

Stage 3 (option a): Communicating what you have learned

You could write a full report complete with an introduction, paragraphs for each of the types of category and a conclusion. 

Each of the paragraphs should explain the aspects of one type of camp. You should explain why the Nazis set up this type of camp, how they were administered and how people would have lived in them. You should provide evidence to back up the points you make. 

You might conclude by explaining how and why the Nazis had different types of camps and how these fitted into the overall plan.

Stage 3 (option b): Communicating what you have learned

You could produce an informative poster explaining the types of camp and how these fitted into the Nazis overall plan of control. You might take appropriate images from The Holocaust Explained.