Ruth's father escaped to Shanghai

Ruth was born in 1935 in Berlin, Germany to a Jewish father and a Christian mother. As a result, the Nazis classed Ruth as Jewish.

After Kristallnacht on 9 November 1938 the situation for Jewish families across Germany became increasingly dangerous. Ruth’s family decided that she and her brother, Martin, should be sent to Britain on the kindertransport.

As her mother was non-Jewish, she and Ruth's father had to part company. He made the long journey to safety in Shanghai, China.

Watch this video clip to hear Ruth's explanation of what happened to her father in Shanghai. Also, learn what happened to Ruth's mother.

Please note that the lead in may take a few moments to allow the video to begin.